Tobacco smoke reduces viability in human lung fibroblasts

03 2005

Tobacco smoke reduces viability in human lung fibroblasts

Tobacco smoke reduces viability in human lung fibroblasts: protective effect of glutathione S-transferase P1

View 134.5K

word 195 read time 0 minutes, 58 Seconds

Cigarette smoking is thought to be a major risk factor in various lung diseases including lung cancer and emphysema.

However, the direct effect of cigarette smoke on the viability of lung-derived cells has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the viability of human lung fibroblast-derived (HFL1) cells to different concentrations of cigarette smoke extract (CSE). CSE induced apoptosis at lower concentrations (10-25%) and necrosis at higher concentrations (50-100%). We also examined the effects of glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1), one of the xenobiotic metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes in the lung, against the cytotoxicity of CSE.

Our results indicated that the level of HFL1 cell death was decreased by transfection with a GSTP1 expression vector and was increased by GSTP1 antisense vector transfection. Therefore, transient overexpression and underexpression of GSTP1 appeared to inhibit and enhance the cytotoxic effects of CSE on HFL1 cells, suggesting that GSTP1 may have protective effects against cigarette smoke in the airway cells

human lung-derived cell; apoptosis; necrosis; xenobiotic enzyme..


Source by Redazione

LSNN is an independent editor which relies on reader support. We disclose the reality of the facts, after careful observations of the contents rigorously taken from direct sources, we work in the direction of freedom of expression and for human rights , in an oppressed society that struggles more and more in differentiating. Collecting contributions allows us to continue giving reliable information that takes many hours of work. LSNN is in continuous development and offers its own platform, to give space to authors, who fully exploit its potential. Your help is also needed now more than ever!

In a world, where disinformation is the main strategy, adopted to be able to act sometimes to the detriment of human rights by increasingly reducing freedom of expression , You can make a difference by helping us to keep disclosure alive. This project was born in June 1999 and has become a real mission, which we carry out with dedication and always independently "this is a fact: we have never made use of funds or contributions of any kind, we have always self-financed every single operation and dissemination project ". Give your hard-earned cash to sites or channels that change flags every time the wind blows , LSNN is proof that you don't change flags you were born for! We have seen the birth of realities that die after a few months at most after two years. Those who continue in the nurturing reality of which there is no history, in some way contribute in taking more and more freedom of expression from people who, like You , have decided and want to live in a more ethical world, in which existing is not a right to be conquered, L or it is because you already exist and were born with these rights! The ability to distinguish and decide intelligently is a fact, which allows us to continue . An important fact is the time that «LSNN takes» and it is remarkable! Countless hours in source research and control, development, security, public relations, is the foundation of our basic and day-to-day tasks. We do not schedule releases and publications, everything happens spontaneously and at all hours of the day or night, in the instant in which the single author or whoever writes or curates the contents makes them public. LSNN has made this popular project pure love, in the direction of the right of expression and always on the side of human rights. Thanks, contribute now click here this is the wallet to contribute

Similar Articles / Tobacco ...broblasts