12:19 AM
19 2013


«Catalana» redirigeix aquí. Vegeu-ne altres significats a «Catalana (desambiguació)».

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Els catalans i les catalanes són un poble europeu i mediterrani que té les seves arrels als Pirineus orientals[3] i territoris adjacents. Històricament, es consideren com a catalans els individus de parla catalana[4] que, generalment, són originaris d'algun dels territoris anomenats modernament Països Catalans. A partir del segle XVI es va generalitzar l'ús del gentilici de valencià,[5] tant per la llengua com pels habitants del País Valencià, i més tard el gentilici de mallorquí per als oriünds de Mallorca, així perdent-se la unitat del gentilici català i la consciència de col·lectivitat, sobretot a partir de la Guerra de Successió.[6] Al començament del segle XX el moviment catalanista va propugnar la recuperació de la generalització del gentilici català comú, malgrat la regionalització del gentilici al Principat i de les reticències sorgides en amplis sectors de les Illes Balears i del País Valencià. Acadèmicament es va superar la polèmica sobre el nom de la llengua i de la literatura comunes (català), mentre que en l'àmbit polític determinats sectors intenten (especialment des de la transició democràtica) de promoure la disgregació.[6] Això no obstant, segons el Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana de l'Institut d'Estudis Catalans, català és la persona natural dels Països Catalans.[7] Tanmateix, la condició política de catalans únicament és reconeguda oficialment en dos territoris:

A Catalunya:[8]
Article 7:
Gaudeixen de la condició política de catalans o ciutadans de Catalunya els ciutadans espanyols que tenen veïnatge administratiu a Catalunya. Llurs drets polítics s'exerceixen d'acord amb aquest Estatut i les lleis, així com els que emigren i els seus descendents.
També és reconegut el gentilici català en la Catalunya del Nord.[9][10]

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19 mar 2013